The activity patterns of nonworking and working sled dogs

  • Park, RW Dog remains from Devon Island, NWT: Archaeological and osteological evidence for domestic dog use in the thule culture. Arctic 40184–190 (1987).

    Google Scholar

  • Sinding, M.-HS et al. Arctic-adapted dogs emerged at the Pleistocene-Holocene transition. Science 3681495–1499 (2020).

    ADS CAS PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • American Kennel Club. Sled Dog Breeds: From Arctic Exploration to the Iditarod (American Kennel Club, 2020).

    Google Scholar

  • Zanghi, B.M., Kerr, W., de Rivera, C., Araujo, JA & Milgram, NW Effect of age and feeding schedule on diurnal rest/activity rhythms in dogs. J. Vet. Behav. 7339–347 (2012).

    Google Scholar

  • Woods, HJ et al. A functional linear modeling approach to sleep–wake cycles in dogs. Sci. Rep. 1022233 (2020).

    ADS CAS PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Griss, S. et al. If they could choose: How would dogs spend their days? Activity patterns in four populations of domestic dogs. Apple. Anim. Behav. Sci. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2021.105449 (2021).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Delude, LA Activity patterns and behavior of sled dogs. Apple. Anim. Behav. Sci. 15th161–168 (1986).

    Google Scholar

  • Jones, S. et al. Use of accelerometers to measure stress levels in shelter dogs. J. Apple. Anim. Wellfare Sci. 1718–28 (2014).

    CAS Google Scholar

  • Pickup, E., German, AJ, Blackwell, E., Evans, M. & Westgarth, C. Variation in activity levels amongst dogs of different breeds: Results of a large online survey of dog owners from the UK. J. Nutr. Sci. 6e10 (2017).

    PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Hoffman, CL, Ladha, C. & Wilcox, S. An actigraphy-based comparison of shelter dog and owned dog activity patterns. J. Vet. Behav. 3430–36 (2019).

    Google Scholar

  • Palestrini, C. et al. Influence of gonadectomy on canine behavior. Animals 11553 (2021).

    PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Urfer, SR & Kaeberlein, M. Desexing dogs: A review of the current literature. Animals 91086 (2019).

    PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Maarschalkerweerd, RJ, Endenburg, N., Kirpensteijn, J. & Knol, BW Influence of orchiectomy on canine behaviour. Vet. Rec. 140617–619 (1997).

    CAS PubMed Google Scholar

  • Heidenberger, E. & Unshelm, J. Changes in the behavior of dogs after castration. Tierarztl Prax 1869–75 (1990).

    CAS PubMed Google Scholar

  • Adams, GJ & Johnson, KG Guard dogs: sleep, work and the behavioral responses to people and other stimuli. Apple. Anim. Behav. Sci. 46103–115 (1995).

    Google Scholar

  • Banerjee, A. & Bhadra, A. Time-activity budget of urban-adapted free-ranging dogs. arxiv (2019).

  • Adams, GJ & Johnson, KG Sleep-wake cycles and other night-time behaviors of the domestic dog Canis familiaris. Apple. Anim. Behav. Sci. 36233–248 (1993).

    Google Scholar

  • Adams, GJ & Johnson, KG Behavioral responses to barking and other auditory stimuli during night-time sleeping and waking in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). Apple. Anim. Behav. Sci. 39151–162 (1994).

    Google Scholar

  • Oppenheimer, EC & Oppenheimer, JR Certain behavior features in the pariah dog (Canis familiaris) in West Bengal. Apple. Anim. Ethol. 281–92 (1975).

    Google Scholar

  • Ruiz-Izaguirre, E. et al. Roaming characteristics and feeding practices of village dogs scavenging sea-turtle nests. Anim. Conserve. 18146–156 (2015).

    Google Scholar

  • Theuerkauf, JR et al. Daily patterns and duration of wolf activity in the Białowieża Forest, Poland. J. Mammal. 8412 (2003).

    Google Scholar

  • Kronfeld-Schor, N. et al. Chronobiology by moonlight. Proc. R. Soc. B Biol. Sci. 28020123088 (2013).

    Google Scholar

  • Cozzi, G. et al. Fear of the dark or dinner by moonlight? Reduced temporal partitioning among Africa’s large carnivores. Ecology 932590–2599 (2012).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Bender, DJ, Bayne, EM & Brigham, RM Lunar condition influences coyote (Canis later) howling. Am. Midl. Nat. 136413–417 (1996).

    Google Scholar

  • Melville, HIAS, Conway, WC, Hardin, JB, Comer, CE & Morrison, ML Abiotic variables influencing the nocturnal movements of bobcats and coyotes. Wildl. Biol. 20201–12 (2020).

    Google Scholar

  • Sábato, MAL, de Melo, LFB, Magni, EMV, Young, RJ & Coelho, CM A note on the effect of the full moon on the activity of wild maned wolves, Chrysocyon brachyurus. Behav. Process. 73228–230 (2006).

    Google Scholar

  • Ferguson, JWH, Galpin, JS & de Wet, MJ Factors affecting the activity patterns of black-backed jackals Canis mesomelas. J. Zool. 21455–69 (1988).

    Google Scholar

  • Rotem, G., Berger, H., King, R., Bar, P. & Saltz, D. The effect of anthropogenic resources on the space-use patterns of golden jackals. J. Wildl. Manage. 75132–136 (2011).

    Google Scholar

  • Kreeger, TJ, Pereira, DL, Callahan, M. & Beckel, M. Activity patterns of gray wolves housed in small vs large enclosures. Zoo Biol. 15th395–401 (1996).

    Google Scholar

  • Hubrecht, RC, Serpell, JA & Poole, TB Correlates of pen size and housing conditions on the behavior of kennelled dogs. Apple. Anim. Behav. Sci. 34365–383 (1992).

    Google Scholar

  • Dayan, T. Early domesticated dogs of the near east. J. Archaeol. Sci. 21633–640 (1994).

    Google Scholar

  • Savolainen, P., Zhang, Y., Luo, J., Lundeberg, J. & Leitner, T. Genetic evidence for an east Asian origin of domestic dogs. Science 2981610–1613 (2002).

    ADS CAS PubMed Google Scholar

  • Clutton-Brock, J. Origin of the dog: Domestication and early history. In The Domestic Dog: Its Evolution, Behavior and Interactions with People (ed. Serpell, JA) 7–20 (Cambridge University Press, 1995).

    Google Scholar

  • Kerepesi, A. et al. Detection of temporal patterns in dog–human interaction. Behav. Proc. 7069–79 (2005).

    CAS Google Scholar

  • Dow, C., Michel, KE, Love, M. & Brown, DC Evaluation of optimal sampling interval for activity monitoring in companion dogs. Am. J. Vet. Res. 70444–448 (2009).

    PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Vanak, AT & Gompper, ME Dietary niche separation between sympatric free-ranging domestic dogs and Indian foxes in central India. J. Mammal. 901058–1065 (2009).

    Google Scholar

  • Zanghi, BM et al. Characterizing behavioral sleep using actigraphy in adult dogs of various ages fed once or twice daily. J. Vet. Behav. 8195–203 (2013).

    Google Scholar

  • Gruen, ME, Samson, DR & Lascelles, BDX Functional linear modeling of activity data showing analgesic-mediated improved sleep in dogs with spontaneous osteoarthritis pain. Sci. Rep. 914192 (2019).

    ADS CAS PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Lightfoot, JT Sex hormones’ regulation of rodent physical activity: A review. Int. J. Biol. Sci. 4126–132 (2008).

    CAS PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Siwak, CT et al. Locomotor activity rhythms in dogs vary with age and cognitive status. Behav. Neuroscience. 117813–824 (2003).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Huson, HJ, Parker, HG, Runstadler, J. & Ostrander, EA A genetic dissection of breed composition and performance enhancement in the Alaskan sled dog. BMC Genet. 1171 (2010).

    PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Price, EO Behavioral aspects of animal domestication. Q. Rev. Biol. 591–32 (1984).

    Google Scholar

  • National Research Council. Nutrient Requirements of Dogs and Cats (National Academy Press, 2006).

    Google Scholar

  • Gerth, N., Redman, P., Speakman, J., Jackson, S. & Starck, JM Energy metabolism of Inuit sled dogs. J. Comp. Physiol. B 180577–589 (2010).

    PubMed Google Scholar

  • Lord, K., Schneider, RA & Coppinger, R. Evolution of working dogs. In The Domestic Dog (ed. Serpell, J.) 42–66 (Cambridge University Press, 2017).

    Google Scholar

  • Adams, GJ & Johnson, KG Sleep, work, and the effects of shift work in drug detector dogs Canis familiaris. Apple. Anim. Behav. Sci. 41115–126 (1994).

    Google Scholar

  • du Sert, NP et al. The ARRIVE guidelines 2.0: Updated guidelines for reporting animal research. PLoS Biol. 18e3000410 (2020).

    Google Scholar

  • Yam, PS et al. Validity, practical utility and reliability of actigraph accelerometry for the measurement of habitual physical activity in dogs. J. Small Anime. Pract. 5286–91 (2011).

    CAS PubMed Google Scholar

  • Ives, AR For testing the significance of regression coefficients, go ahead and log-transform count data. Methods Ecol. Evol. 6828–835 (2015).

    Google Scholar

  • Harrison, XA et al. A brief introduction to mixed effects modeling and multi-model inference in ecology. PeerJ 6e4794 (2018).

    PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar

  • Nakagawa, S. & Schielzeth, H. A general and simple method for obtaining R2 from generalized linear mixed-effects models. Methods Ecol. Evol. 4133–142 (2013).

    Google Scholar

  • Bates, D., Mächler, M., Bolker, B. & Walker, S. Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4. J. Stat. Softw. https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v067.i01 (2015).

    Article Google Scholar

  • Hartig. DHARMa: Residual Diagnostics for Hierarchical (Multi-level/Mixed) Regression Models (2020).

  • Bartoń, K. MuMIn: Multi-model Inference (2020).

  • R Core Team. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. (R Foundation for Statistical Computing, 2020).

  • Leave a Comment